Why is Low Vitamin K is necessary?
Vitamin K :
Vitamin K is a fat soluble vitamin. Only two among the five types occur naturally.
Vitamin K1 is found in plants. It is also called as Phylloquinone. It is present in green leafy vegetables like Swiss chard and kale. Vitamin K1 converted to storage form.
Vitamin K2 is formed by bacteria in large intestine. Vitamin K3-5 can be purchased as supplements and are synthetic.
Vitamin K is necessary for blood clotting, metabolism in bones and regulating calcium levels in blood. Vitamin K is absorbed in small intestine and stored in liver and fatty tissues. Liver utilizes Vitamin K to produce prothrombin, a blood clotting factor.
Vitamin K deficiency :
Vitamin K deficiency occurs in one who has absorptive problems. It may also occur in one who undergoes long-term treatment with antibiotics. It is rare. The factors that lead to Vitamin K deficiency are Crohn’s disease or Celiac disease, drugs that interfere Vitamin K absorption, malnourished and heavy alcoholic intake.
Vitamin K deficiency include the symptoms of
- Prolonged clotting
- Excessive bleeding
Vitamin K requirements :
- Infants upto 6 months should intake 2 mcg/day
- Babies from 7 to 12 months need 2.5 mcg/day
- Babies from 1 to 3 years need 30 mcg/day
- Kids from 4 to 8 years should intake 55 mcg/ day
- Children from 9 to 13 years require 60 mcg/day
- Teens between 14 and 18 need 75 mcg/day
- Females of 19 years and above need 90 mcg/day
- Males of 19 years and above require 120 mcg/day
Benefits of Vitamin K :
- Vitamin K helps in maintaining low blood pressure. It prevents the arteries from minerals accumulation (Mineralization).
- Adequate Vitamin K intake may lower the risk factors of stroke.
- It maintains bone strength and improves its density.
- It decreases the risk factors that cause fractures.
- In older adults, it links with episodic memory. Highest verbal episodic memory performance was observed in one, over 70 years, with high blood levels, in a study.
Vitamin K is found in green and leafy vegetables like spinach, turnip, romaine lettuce, prunes, beans, collard greens, spring onions, okra, mustard greens and in certain oils.
Vitamins are organic compounds and are needed in a limited quantity by human body. Vitamins also regulates cell functions. Vitamin K is one of the most important essential vitamin required for overall development of the body of an individual. Vitamins are the chemical components which act as catalysts in carrying out various essential metabolic activities in the body. Vitamin K is found in composition with various other vitamins that are essential for the body. Here is list of some of the Vitamin K rich foods:
Raw Kale contains 547mcg per cup
Cooked Spinach contains 889 mcg per cup
Cooked Broccoli contains 110mcg per ½ cup
Dried Basil and sage contain 34.3 mcg per tablespoon
Dried Thyme contains 42.9 mcg per tablespoon
Cooked Brussel contains 109 mcg per ½ cup
Cooked Asparagas contains 45.5 mcg per ½ cup
According to the requirement, one should intake Vitamin K. so, consulting a doctor is advisable.
Vitamin K and Warfarin :
Liver utilizes Vitamin K to make proteins that clot blood. Because of Vitamin K our blood clots when we hurt or bleed. Warfarin repels the actions of Vitamin K. Warfarin reduces the ability of liver to use Vitamin K in producing blood clotting protein and it results in risk factors of prolonged bleeding that may lead to fatal end.
Note: Before following any diet plan, should consult your doctor and find your body’s nutrition requirements.